Bruce Mayfield MBA,BSCS
Video Preservationist & Computer Scientist
D.B.A. Film to Video
Video Preservation -- Using Virtual-Reality™The Ultimate Video Quality & Preservation -- Money Can Buy - at ANY Price.
Video Quality and Virtual-Preservation™
Nobody wants to convert 8mm film, 16mm film, and home movie video tapes to "junk video" -- and then preserve it -- forever! Nobody wants to pay for a great film transfer, only to have the video degrade and fail in five years -- due to DVD failure -- as warned by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and Library of Congress.
As subcontractors of clients working with Fox, PBS, etc., we re-master world class films into world class video masters-files, and now we can offer world class Virtual-Preservation™. Our "List of Accomplishments" and video clips speak for themselves -- of what you can expect from your old movie films or home movies.
First we address Video Quality, we can then address Virtual-Preservation™ -- Virtually-For-EVER™.
Our Typical 8mm Film "Virtual-Transfer™"
- 8mm film Re-Mastered as Progressive Scan for HDTV and
- 8mm film Normalized with "True-to-Life Motion" and
- 8mm film Normalized with "True-to-Life™ Speed".
These post-production enhancements alone distinguish our service from most other studios --
which is why our lowest level Primal-Film™ Master-File™ (labeled as "Original" below) is better that ANY 16mm or 8mm "film transfer" from a studio using only "single-pass" telecine scanners.
However, we want to show you our post-production Re-Colorization and Focus-Enhancement -- which further distinguishes our work as "world class" -- in a product called Virtual-Film™ Master-Files™. This is the product we produce as subcontractors of clients working with Fox, PBS, etc. -- and now YOU.
Thus the side-by-side comparisons are between two product we talk about throughout this website:
- Primal-Film™ Master-Files and
- Virtual-Film™ Master-Files
Our clients receive both products -- which we shown side-by-side below.
No other studios offer "before" and "after" master files or their movie film.
Below is a 4-Column Split-Screen with Alternating zones:
The source is "old interlaced video tape" over 10 years old -- from an "old film transfer" -- which is still "typical" of most studios today.
The "Original" Zones (below) are most like the original (primal) Standard 8mm Film-Transfer --
- BEFORE Re-Colorization and
- BEFORE Focus-Enhancement.
The "Enhanced" Zones (below) are 8mm Film as a Virtual-Transfer™ to Virtual-Film™
- AFTER Re-Colorization and
- AFTER Focus-Enhancement.
Enhanced Original Enhanced Original
Note: Video clip requires 1 minute to download over DSL @ 1.5 Mbps.
A PICTURE IS WORTH A THOUSAND WORDS
But Virtual-Video™ -- Can Say it All -- Virtually-For-EVER™!
Re-Colorization: "Red face" is "now flesh colored"; Grass is now green grass; red shirt is true red; the blue cast is gone; blue tree bark is now dark brown: washed-out picture is sharper; grandpa's shirt and hair are natural grey -- not green!
Dynamic range of blacks and whites are re-engineered for HDTV using S-Curve light redistribution - the way the human eye sees light.
Re-Mastering: The "original 8mm film transfer" was captured 25% faster -- which means 25% of the real-time playing time was lost -- along with 25% of the video frames!
However, by adding "Predictive Progressive Frames" -- the motion is normalized to "True-to-Life™ Motion" and "True-to-Life™ Speed" -- the same way the human eye sees motion. Now the video plays 25% slower and 25% longer -- just like the original 8mm movie film -- just like being there in "real time" -- just like being there in 'real life".
The original film transfer was Interlaced but now it is in Progressive Scan -- WITH NO VERTICAL RESOLUTION LOSS! "Jaggies" -- the jagged edges of interlace lines -- have been "blended" and "smoothed" to natural curves of people and things. The "true shape" of beloved people and things in motion are restored -- the way the human eye perceives motion.
What you can NOT see, is Preservation. The "Virtual-Transfer™" is "virtualized" in a Universally Compatible self-contained "video container" -- which is also "mult-layered" -- as a "virtual-disc" in side a "virtual-drive". This video can now be called "Virtual-Video™" -- and is much different that a "raw video file".
This means your video is completely "insulated" from the frailties of a "physical drive" or "physical medium" -- and most importantly -- technology shifts.
Examples: Remember how the technology shift from CD Discs to iTunes, etc. Notice how video on tape gets worse over the years, as the tape gets older. Notice how your DVDs -- that once "played fine" -- now skip and freeze -- and display digital blocks.
Virtual-Video, itself, does NOT get worse -- or just die -- as the medium to which the video is "captured" gets worse -- or just dies.
Since "Virtual-Video" is NOT bound to any one medium, "Virtual-Video" is cheap and easy FOR YOU to duplicate, replicate, relocate -- to other devices and mediums -- without "ripping video" (a degrading copy process).
Virtual-Video™ can be "hosted" on any physical device or any physical medium or any virtual device or virtual medium (i.e., on cloud drive, hard drive, SSD, flash drive, memory card, DVD, Blu-ray, etc.) on any device or medium -- now or in the future -- Virtually-For-EVER™.
But that is not all...
- We add "media players" and "tutorials -- as Video Management tools to the "virtual drive"; and,
- We add "redirected loading" of these tools from the "virtual drive" -- not a computer; and,
- We add "self-replication support", "DVD burning support" "Strategic Archive Planning" and
- We add "video file diversity" -- for the demands of many technologies -- and every family member, and
- We add "Simple and Fun to Use"...
- You can NOW have the most advanced "Virtual Technology System" -- for video data preservation --
Meeting and Exceeding Standards of the National Archives and Library of Congress.
We call this a Virtually-For-EVER™ Video Preservation -- now available to your family as...
- Home Movies-N-a-Flash™ Drive
- Home Movies-For-EVER™ Drive
And, yes, in addition to all the above -- we make DVDs, too.
As for video quality, your Virtually-For-EVER™ "Virtual-Video" will be better than your original source media -- or your money back!
(All video images copyrighted by Bruce Mayfield 2015)
Products & Services Offered:
Last Decade Favorites:
This Decade Favorites:
Home Movies-N-a-Flash™ Drive
A "virtual-drive" -- "hosted" on a Flash Drive (for mobility and economy).
Pictured above and below are just a few of hundreds of "flash drives" now available
to "host" our Home Movies-N-a-Flash™ Drive product --
which is a Mulit-Layered™ Virtual-Drive -- "hosted" on a physical flash drive.
Our little Home Movies-N-a-Flash drives contain an a "virtual drive" which in turn contains an ENTIRE SET of you home movies. They are "great gifts" for family members -- to whom you want to give a "physical memento" -- to see your movie memories -- and remember "the family" -- Virtually-For-EVER™.
For Example: If loaded with Virtual DVD-Disc-IMAGES™, Home Movies-N-a-Flash™ is actually a "Solid-State™ DVD" that can be used to "burn physical DVD discs" -- or play, "like a DVD" -- on many devices. Best of all, the "dive" is "virtual"; thus, Home Movies-N-a-Flash™ can itself be "dragged-and-dropped" (cloned) thousands of times -- to ANY device or to ANY medium -- now and in the future.
Yes, YOU and your FAMILY can "replicate" the entire Home-Movie-N-a-Flash™ (virtual) Drive -- to ANY device -- now -- and Virtually-For-EVER™.
A "Multi-Layered™ Virtual-Drive" hosted on a
- High Capacity 3 Terabyte Hard Drive (left)
- High Capacity 250Gb Flash Drive (right)
- A "LONG TERM" Video Preservation (Archive)
- for large video files and
- for many types of video files
Our Home-Movies-For-EVER™ Drives are different from "traditional drives" because they are actually...
Virtual-Products "layered" inside of other virtual products!
- "Virtual-files" inside of
- "Virtual-Discs" inside of
- "Virtual-Libraries" inside of
This means, ALL THE ABOVE are "HOSTED" (BUT NOT TIED TO) A PHYSICAL DRIVE
- That means it can be cloned thousands of times
- to any device or "cloud drive" now made
- or invented in the future!
The PURPOSE of the Home-Movies-For-EVER™ Drive is to be handed down -- generation to generation -- FOREVER -- as a "virtual drive". The physical "host" will be retired and replaced over the years, but the "virtual drive" will endure -- Virtually-For-EVER!
Home-Movies-For-EVER Drive stores much MORE than a Home Movies-N-a-Flash Drive can store.
- ALL your "virtual-master-files™" -- which are very large "full frame" video files; PLUS
- ALL your "virtual-discs™" (Virtual-DVD discs and Virtual-Blu-ray disc) PLUS
- ALL your video administration tools -- like "on-board" media player and tutorial PLUS
- ALL the extra storage you will need for videos and pictures you will want to add.
Last, but not least, did we mention, DVDs alone are not enough for your family needs?
- DVDs last only 2 to 5 years, according to the National Archives
- Including "archive" grade DVD discs of any color - including "gold".
- The National Archives (NARA) has denounced DVD discs for "archive purposes"
- and ADVISES, YOU, THE PUBLIC TO DO THE SAME!
- Due to "virtual video" -- "on-demand" -- via the internet (like NetFlix)
- The DVD INDUSTRY is dying -- just like the Music CD industry died.
- And, for this reason, DVD players are being phased out-- like CD players!
- DVDs -- ALONE -- ARE A BAD PRESERVATION INVESTMENT
- And yes, we still sell thousands of them --
- for FUN and ease-of-use -- as long as they can be used --
- but NOT for "archive purposes"!
You can Custom Ordered Video Files -- setup to work with:
and many more video product options -- customized to YOUR FAMILY needs!
For example, you can play video -- from your Home Movies-N-a-Flash Drive -- on PlayStation, WiiU, or XBox.
With a simple "custom order", your Home Movies-N-a-Flash Drive can be customized to play on any of these devices.
What better way to "personalize" the gift of "your home movies" -- to anyone under the age of 18 -- with a Home Movies-N-a-Flash Drive -- targeting their "video game console".
We Re-Master Video From Your OLD...
- Movie Film: 16mm 8mm Super 8 Movie Film
- Video Tapes: Video8 Hi8 D8 MiniDV HDV VHS VHS-C Tapes
- Optical Discs: DVD Blu-ray Discs
- Video Files: AVCHD MTS M2TS H.264/MP4 Files
Special Bundled Movie Film Offer for any Budget
To Create BOTH Physical and Virtual Video Products
- Physical Products -- you already know, use and understand; and,
- Virtual (Reality) Video Products -- you just don't know that
you already know how to use -- and we help you understand!
For Example: NetFlix, iTunes Movies/Music, YouTube, Facebook videos -- are ALL "virtual products" that your family or your business uses every day -- via the Internet. You may not think about NetFlix as a "virtual library" of "movie discs" -- but that is what it is!
Why not have a "Virtualized Video Library" -- for YOUR family home movie videos?
"Virtually" means "practically the same as..."
"Virtual" is "techno-slang" for "digitally the same as physical -- but better!"
- a "virtual drive" is "digitally the same as a "physical dive" -- but better!
- a "virtual disc" is "digitally the same as a "physical disc" -- but better!
- NetFlix is "digitally the same as a "video rental store" -- but better!
- Our Home Movies-N-a-Flash is "digitally the same as home movie DVDs -- but better!
- You get the idea...
"Virtual Reality" allows YOU, the user, to
- "interact" with the virtual reality product --
- as if it were "A PHYSICAL PRODUCT".
Just a DVD player has "remote control menu" to watch a physical DVD -- NetFlix, iTunes Movies, and other "virtual video products" have "controls" or "apps" -- used to watch video. We provide you with an "On-board Media Player" that to play you own Virtual-Home-Movies™ -- whether they be on the web or plugged into your computer -- on a tiny Home Movies-N-a-Flash drive.
As for all this "virtual stuff", it is all transparent.
So why is Virtual "Better" than Physical?
Virtual-Products -- the way we make them -- Last FOREVER!
Learn more by clicking...
Virtually-For-EVER™ Products Explained
16mm 8mm Super 8 Movie Film
Video8 Hi8 D8 MiniDV HDV VHS Video Tapes
Endangered Blu-ray DVD Optical Discs
Virtualization of Video Files
ProRes AVCHD DV AVI Etc.
Re-Colorize and Virtualize Video Products from Other Studios
8mm 16mm Movie Film Identification Section:
My staff will be happy to help you identify, organize, number, and safely ship your film, video tapes and optical discs.
Call Us Monday though Saturday – 10 AM to 7 PM -- Mountain Standard Time.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Reportedly, some cell phones do not like a "1" in front of this number. If you get an Error messages, like "invalid number" or "number not in service". try the number without a leading "1". I assure you our phones work! You may also contact us below.
If YOU KNOW NOTHING about Super 8mm 16mm Movies Film -- Keep Reading:
The following information is provided, to identify Super8, Standard 8mm and 16mm movie films -- which will help you request a quote.Special Bundled Movie Film Offer for any Budget
16mm Film, 8mm Film & Super 8 Film PRIMER
A little Primer on 16mm film, Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) and Super 8mm movie film.
- Identify Standard 8mm movie film or 16mm movie film you have, and
- Basic "Film Transfer speeds" you NEED for your film.
The following tutorial is for people new to
- 16mm film,
- Standard 8mm movie film (sometimes called "Regular 8mm movie film"), and
- Super 8mm movie film
This primer will help you both identify and date
16mm film, Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film), and Super 8mm movie films that you have -- for film transfer.
How to Identify, Date, and Speed-rate Your Movie film for Film Transfer :
Picture (Above) shows examples of "small format" movie film s
16mm movie film,
Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) (also called Standard 8mm movie film ) and
Super 8mm movie movie film.
16mm was invented before Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) and Super 8mm movie films.
16mm movie film was made from "hand-milled" Silver halide -- the grains of which were very large compared to later films. Although 16mm is 4 times the size of Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) and Super 8mm movie film, the resolution of the film is comparable to that of Super 8mm movie film and some later dating Also, 16mm movie film was shot and run at 16fps in the early 1900's. Modern versions of 16mm movie film are run at 24 fps -- which actually makes 16mm movie film a "hybrid" format -- with one foot in the "small format film industry" and one foot in the "large format film industry".
It is because of this dual role of 16mm movie film, that '8mm Film-Transfer Mills™ can "get away with" talking about film and equipment in broad terms and then implying that what is "good" for large format films -- like captures with "irregular pull-down patterns" -- is likewise, "good" for "small format films". In truth the converse ONLY is true, that what is "good" for "small format films" -- like synchronizations at "15fps" -- is also "good" for "large format films" -- but NOT VISA VERSA.
Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) and 16mm movie film
Rough Dating of Movie film :
16mm movie film - silent -- 1923 to Early 1960's.
16mm movie film - sound - 1935 to present.
Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film), Standard 8mm movie film -- Late 1932 thru 1990s.
Super 8mm movie film -- Introduced in 1965 to present.
Correct Film Transfer Speeds:
Silent 16mm film - silent -15 fps or 16 fps (with exceptions) with 40 frames per foot
Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) film - silent -15 fps or 16 fps. with 80 frames per foot
NOTE: 8mm Film-Transfer Mills™ transfer this at 20 fps
Introducing a 20% "real-time" distortion - 12 minutes lost per hour.
Super 8mm movie film
Super 8mm movie film was" Shot" usually 18 fps; commercially 24 fps and has 72 frames per foot
Super 8mm movie Movie cameras and projectors had "variable speeds".
Correct Film Transfer Speeds:
Super 8mm movie film" Silent", 18 fps
Super 8mm movie film" Sound", 18 fps OR 24 fps.
NOTE: 8mm Film-Transfer Mills™ transfer this at 20 fps
Introducing a 10% "real-time" distortion - 6 minutes lost per hour.
(Click to Refresh Pictures)
NOTE: Super 8 Sound film has "magnetic" Sound tracks glued on both edges of the "under-side" of the film which looks like 2 copper colored stripes
(Click to Refresh Pictures) Commercial film : Super 8mm movie Sound and 16mm Sound: Usually "optical" Sound tracks. (Black squiggly tracks: above)
Both 16mm movie film and Super 8mm movie movie COMMERCIAL films, were" Shot and run" at 24 fps - ONLY.
Most domestic clients, with rare exceptions, do NOT have "commercial films" with "optical sound tracks".
(Click to Refresh Pictures)
Holes Along the Edge of the film (see picture above) :
The size of the holes are the same for both 16mm movie film and Standard 8mm movie film.
Some 16mm has only one set of holes -- like Regular 8 film.
Spacing of the holes in 16mm movie film is different than Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) -- also called Standard 8 film.
Super 8mm movie movie film has smaller holes - less than half the size of Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) movie film. Spacing is different.
Correct Film Transfer is very different for each.
Reels or Spools (see Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) pictures below):
Hole in Center of Reel or Spool:
Early 16mm and Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film): the hole in a spool was
1) the size of a number 2 pencil -- on one side of the spool -- and 2) square and roughly the same size -- on the other side of the spool.
Later, 16mm spools standardized with a square hole.
Later, Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) spools standardized with a round hole -- with a notch on one side of the reel or both.
Super 8mm movie spool: The hole in the spool was the size of your "pinky finger" and round on both sides of the spool.
(Click to Refresh Pictures)
Standard 8mm movie film
, 95 percent of the time, is on a grey plastic, 3 inch spool and came in a Yellow cardboard box -- for mailing.
Double 8 movie film came in a yellow box roughly 1 inch thick.
Single 8 also called Standard 8 came in a yellow box roughly 1/2 inch thick.
Both types of films -- collectively -- are called Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) or Standard 8mm movie film and, before 1965, usually fond on little grey plastic reels -- with excepts around 1942 (see history below), and 1965 (more follows)..
Super 8 movie film (introduced in 1965) was sold and processed on 50 foot spools -- which were usually a blue cover with a white plastic spool.. Rarely covers were also red, yellow, green, black, and white.
About that same time (1965), Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film)
began to appear spooled onto white plastic reels with blue covers, too.. The hole in those spools was the size of a number 2 pencil or standard pen. Most easily confused with Super 8mm movie film.
ATTENTION: : It is very common for Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) to be on a Super 8mm movie spool and Super 8mm movie film, on a Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) spool -- by mistake of family members. When in doubt , look at the film itself and the size of the holes in the film -- not the spool.
HISTORICAL NOTE - TO HELP DATE AND IDENTIFY: Earliest Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) or Standard 8 film was called Double 8, because it was sold as 25 feet of 16mm movie film. It was called a "25 foot Double 8".
The tell-tell oversized, yellow box contained a tiny back metal canister -- sealed with black cotton tape -- to protect the brown, unexposed 16mm movie film inside.
The 16mm movie film was "double exposed" -- in 2 passes. Each pass -- exposing the entire length of the 16mm wide film -- but only exposed an Standard 8mm movie film wide strip along the length of the16mm movie film.
The cameraman would shoot one pass and then flip the 16mm movie film in the camera -- to shoot the second pass. This accounts for the "flashes of yellow light" half-way through early Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film)s.
At the time of film processing, the 16mm movie film was developed and then split down the center -- thus creating 2 strips of Standard 8mm movie film. . The two ends of the (now Standard 8mm movie ) film was glued together in the center and spooled onto a 50 foot spool of Standard 8mm movie film (shown below). This is nice to know if you need to date reels of film.
(Click to Refresh Pictures)
All 3 reels above are Double 8mm 25 foot movie film -- which is actually 2 strips of 25 foot film -- glued together (doubled) to make a 50 foot spool.
Proof of this is the splice located exactly dead center of the length of movie film.
DATING INFORMATION:Double 8mm & Standard 8mm Movie films
- (left top) Double 8mm 25 foot movie film reel -- aluminum (shown) or black metal reel (not shown) (pre-WWII), or
- (center bottom) Double 8mm 25 foot movie film reel a cardboard reel (WWII), or
- (right top) Double 8mm 25 foot movie film OR Standard 8mm movie film reel -- a grey plastic reel (post-WWII)
In the1950s Kodok started spooling a solid 50 foot strip of film onto the same plastic grey reels (above right); however, the little yellow box (not shown) was only half the width of the yellow Double 8mm box (above).
Double 8mm 25 foot movie film was shipped back to owner in the same oversize yellow box -- now twice the length and half the width of the original 25 foot reel of 16mm movie film.
WARNING:Because the box "looks too big for the reel", many people wrongly assume the reel is in the "wrong box". This is one of the major reasons reels become disassociated from the correct box.
NOTE: Many times the cameraman would forget that the film had already been exposed and flipped -- and would expose the same edge twice. Thus "double exposures" were created on Double 8 film.
Click here for an introduction to this website to learn
- Dirty Film Transfer Secrets™
- The 8mm Film-Transfer Mills™
- do NOT want you to know!
TECHNICAL NOTES (VERY BORING)
ON MOVIE Film Telecine TRANSFER SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS:
The " tech note" below is on film transfer semantics on 16mm film, Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film), and Super 8mm movie film. Most readers have some "flavor" of Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) or Super 8mm movie film. Therefore, I do not specifically state the words "16mm movie film " -- every time I mention Super 8mm movie film or Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) -- when talking about film transfers to DVD or Master files. Instead, I just talk about Standard 8mm film, and Super 8mm movie film to film transfers -- with the ASSUMPTION THAT ALL PRINCIPLES APPLY TO 16mm movie film AS WELL.
The same applies to visual and non-visual illustrations -- using Standard 8mm movie film or Super 8mm movie film or film transfer. Illustrations about Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) ALSO APPLIES to
SILENT 16mm movie film
-- as Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) -- (see photos above) in may cases IS SILENT 16mm movie film--" SPLIT IN HALF -- DOWN THE CENTER" literally.
A 16mm movie film transfer can be much more complex than a Standard 8mm movie film or Super 8mm movie film transfer -- because 16mm movie film was used domestically, commercially -- as 16mm silent movie film and 16mm sound movie film -- and shot at 1 of 3 speeds -- even early century 1900s. Also 16mm movie film is OLDER and usually is in some stage of "vinegar syndrome". After you get a telecine film transfer quote, you are advised to call me about your 16mm movie film for a free 16mm movie film transfer "evaluation and consult".
I use Standard 8mm movie film (Regular 8mm movie film) or Super 8mm movie terms -- for example:
Super 8mm movie film to DVD,
Super 8mm movie film transfer,
Standard 8mm movie film to H.264,
Super 8mm movie film transfer,
Single Standard 8mm movie film to HDTV Blu-ray,
Standard 8mm movie film to video,
Double Standard 8mm movie film to video,
Standard 8mm movie film to video,
Standard 8mm movie film movie to video,
Standard 8mm movie film telecine,
Standard 8mm movie telecine film transfer,
Standard 8mm movie film telecine transfer,
Ektasound Standard 8mm movie film to DVD,
Ektachrome Standard 8mm movie film to DVD,
Kodachrome Standard 8mm movie film to DVD.
film to video,
film to Flash Drive,
film to Hard Drive,
film to Blu-ray, etc
ALL these film transfer phrases refer to some "film to video film transfer process" of converting film to digital video unless otherwise stated specifically..
If you have not done so previously, Click Link below for Important Introduction...