Mayfield MBA, MSPsy, BSCS
and Digital Archivist
doing business as (d.b.a.)
Film-to-DVD.com & Film-to-Video.com
So you want a movie film transfer -- to DVD; or a video
tape transfer -- to DVD? To Preserve them?
Read the next few lines -- then read the line above,
again. You WILL notice a paradigm shift in your answer...
Archives Warns writable DVD discs
are good only 2 years for data -- 5 years for digital
images -- before they WILL begin to fail -- despite
"manufacturer's published life expectancy of 10 to 25 years.. The (laser) light-sensitive "dye" (ink) in YOUR DVD
platter starts disappearing 2 to 5 years from
'burn date". In layman's terms, DVD "writable" discs -- with all our
photos, and videos -- are made with "disappearing ink".(more later).
News: DVDs and Blu-rays are going the way of Music CD
discs and tapes -- due to a "technology shift" to Internet Video.
The DVD player you NOW own, is most probably the last one
you will ever own -- and try buying one in 5 year. Archiving
for a DVD player (DVD technology) now is like archiving to
VHS video tape -- 10 years ago
News: The best way to "doom" your home film and
video images, is transfer them DVD -- even with a
backups to a hard drive. The "unaware-consumer driven"
video transfer industry -- for Standard 8mm to
DVD film transfers, Super 8mm film transfers, 16mm film
VIDEO TAPE to DVD transfers -- are 'DOOMED" - even if
you have master files on a hard drive (more later).
Video master files on a hard drive do NOT constitute "a
video archive" -- they too, are DOOMED! (later)
This all maybe News to YOU, but these "News
Flashes" are just long known "Dirty
Little Secrets" -- of both the Film Transfer Industry
and the Video Tape Transfer Industry..
If you do NOT know these Dirty Little Secrets, the Film and
Video Transfer Industry -- "transfer mills" -- as
I call them -- will
defraud you, in my opinion, and let your
home movies and home videos self-destruct in 5
I am a Computer Scientist & Digital Archivist.
My company offers
State-of-the-Art Video Archive
And, yes, we make thousands of physical DVDs and Blu-rays --
and load hundreds of hard drives -- each year.
But you need to know --
and we disclose -- that a DVD, Blu-ray, and a hard
drive, by themselves, in and of themselves, are "the sure
path to destruction" for your home movies. You need more --
to have a "true video archive" -- and you need an "archive
strategy". Ironically, we do not charge extra for "vital
services" -- that give your home movies a "new life"
and a "chance to survive" -- indefinitely.
We are currently in a
"technology shift" to Disc-FREE devices and Internet
Streams. Your home movies MUST survive in this new world.
On my website you are going to find Disc-FREE DVDs
and Disc-FREE Blu-rays. You will find that ALL your video storage
devices -- hard drives, SSD, flash drives, memory cards,
etc. -- become "video players" -- with "tutorials" (on how to
use them). You will find this
technology is a reality -- here and now -- with names like
Solid State DVDs™, Home Movies Player-Drive™
-- for Mac & PC - and much more
at prices you would pay for "just a DVD".
VIDEO TAPE TRANSFER:
Click on this link, If you are
ONLY INTERESTED IN
VIDEO TAPE TRANSFER
- Video8, Hi8, D8, or VHS.
Dirty Secrets™ &
Guide": Super 8
"Dirty Secrets Guide™" -- for
if you don't use my service for Super 8, 8mm film or
16mm film transfer,
Dirty Secrets Guide™
exposes "8mm to DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™" . They want you "focused" on
"film transfer equipment" -- they use. They do not want you to look at
the challenges of "archiving" your
home moves -- beyond the end of this decade -- say nothing of this century; but
that is exactly what we do -- everyday -- for our clients.
The following are ...
"Film Transfer" Secrets™
We Expose -- and MORE! Click to show or hide details(SH19)
Film Transfer with Telecine Projectors -vs.-
Film Transfer with Telecine Scanners Do true Film Transfer SCANNERS exist?
Digital Algorithmic Interpolation (DAI): THE NEW state-of-the-art Film
method -- most "mills" don't have.
The Hyper-Formatting™ Scam? -- Film
tiny 8mm film to huge, over-sized 2K, 4K video formats. Recipe
"Best-Fit™ YOUR "film format" -- to match
YOUR "video format"™-- for GREAT digital masters.
Choosing Video Master-File™ formats for Film
Transfer: DV, DVCam, Apple Intermediate, and Apple ProRes, etc.
AVI or QuickTime are NOT video formats:
They are "stupid" Film Transfer "sales assumptions"
-- "transfer mills" want you to make!
Film Transfer "directly" to MPEG-2, MPEG-4, AVCHD,
H.264 / MPEG4, H.264 HD. Grab your wallet and run!
Film Transfer MYTHS about DVD & Blu-ray.
Film Transfer to FAKE Blu-rays (and how to
Film Transfer: The future for
DVDs and Blu-rays™ -Vs.- The NEW "DISC-Free™" DVD technology!
Film Transfer for Social-Media™ -- iPod, Sony
PS Portable, Apple TV, iPhone, facebook, YouTube, etc.
Film Transfer Warning:
to Video" does NOT mean synchronization at Real-Life Speed™
nor Real-Life Motion™ !
The "New Disc-FREE
World" has arrived! Liberation of a DVD from
its "disc". Our new Solid State DVD & Player.
We ALARM YOU then We ARM YOU!
For Example: Your 8mm to DVD or Super 8 Film
Dirty Film Transfer Secret™:
When you "pay" to have a DVD made "correctly" -- from your 8mm
film or video tape --
you are ACTUALLY paying for 3 products:
1) A Video Master File made from your Standard 8mm or Super 8
Film or VHS/Hi8 video tape; and
-- called a "disc image" -- "RENDERED" -- from your "video master file"; and,
3) a physical DVD disc -- "CLONED" from your
Disc-FREE DVD "disc image".
This is how ALL "professional movie film studios" make DVDs.
The 1) Master File and 2) the DVD DISC-Image are "Copyright Assets" --
that you AUTOMATICALLY OWN
because they go INTO the DVD DISC that you pay to have "made".
Charging you "extra" for YOUR "Video Master File" is a "double charge"
-- "a con", "a rip-off".
Charging you "extra" for YOUR "DVD Disc Image" is a "double charge" --
"a con", "a rip-off".
Only in the event that YOU do NOT want a physical DVD - and the "master
file" becomes the "end product" -- is a separate charge "ethical".
More on "Copyright Assets" and the "Pricing Ethics" later.
We are the only company that offers an "ethical breakdown" of Copyright
Assets as "component-products" of your "end products".
This is why, in most cases, we only charge "our cost" -- of DVD,
packaging, and labeling -- for extra VD disc copies.
OTHER "Rip-offs": "A VIDEO RIP" (internet slang for "a
video rip-off" -- a "deviant method" used to "steal video")
When I say, "ripping video", I mean the DVD is made using a "deviant
method" -- a method that "deviates" from "professional methods and
"Ripping video" should make you think of 2 generations of video
1) from the -- "on-the-fly" -- "analogue-to-digital" conversion and
2) from the -- "on-the-fly" -- "digital video-to-DVD" conversion.
This is called "crushing video" onto a DVD.
This is why a VHS-to-DVD recorder ALWAYS looks worse that the
original video tape. The video tape is captured to the DVD "on
the fly" -- frame-by-frame -- without any Group-Of-Pictures (GOP)
analysis or GOP rendering. More on this later..
A "Professional Grade DVD" is a two-pass method.
Mehod 1: Video is "analyzed" and "organized" into many Groups Of
Pictures (called a GOP) -- from a "master video file" --
to determine I-frame, P-frame, B-frame, D-frame pictures (details
Method 2: Video is then actually "rendered" into I-frame, P-frame,
B-frame, D-frame pictures -- AT THE HIGHEST RESOLUTIONS POSSIBLE.
Most "film and video transfers" are
1) directly "ripped" to a DVD recorder; or
2) indirectly "ripped" to a DVD recorder -- by "playing" and "capturing"
-- not "rendering" -- a "master file" -- on-the-fly to a DVD recorder --
AT THE LOWEST RESOLUTIONS ACCEPTABLE.
Both of these methods are "deviant methods" and "degrading" to the
These are the common practices of 8mm to DVD or Super 8 Film Transfer
This one activity alone would define a studio as a "Transfer Mill".
We use a "Two-Pass DVD DISC-Image Rendering" method --
from a high resolution, enhance video master file --
to make our clients' DVD DISC-Images --
which are "burned" into their
DVD disc platters -- and
Solid State DVD product -- and
Hard Drive -- which is also a DVD DISC-Image Player..
Danger of Legal Damages from an 8mm to DVD or Super 8 Film Transfer Mill::
If you PAY to have your DVDs made -- "assuming" they are "rendered" and
then "cloned" -- "the right
If you are "denied" "Video Master Files" -- or if you are "not offered"
"Video Master Files" -- or if you decline "Video Master Files", instead
of "pay for them twice",
then WHEN your DVD fails -- and your DVD WILL FAIL -- and 8mm to DVD &
Super 8 Film Transfer Mills" KNOW your DVD WILL FAIL --
then, in my opinion, you "suffer willful or at least negligent
damages" -- but it will be YOUR fault! All you "asked for", was a
Even though 8mm to DVD or Super 8 Film Transfer Mills fail to "disclose"
ALL THE ABOVE -- which only I do (more on this later).
Your "DAMAGES" can be especially bad if
1) you are falsely lead to believe you DVD is an "archive" -- which most
8mm to DVD or Super 8 Film Transfer Mills "imply": and,
2) your 8mm film or Super 8 Home Movies film "goes bad" or
3) you 'throw away" your Home Movies film -- because you think you don't
need your 8mm or Super 8 film any more -- because your Home Movies are
There is A LOT MORE -- YOU NEED TO KNOW about these 2 DIRTY FILM TRANSFER SECRETS --
and MANY MORE Secrets -- just as ALARMING!
(click here for ==>)
Dirty "Film Transfer" Secrets™
-- AND HOLD ON TO YOUR HAT!
Buyers Guide™ - 16mm film Super 8 film 8mm film :
Click to show or hide details:(SH15)
Home of Film-to-Video.com for 8mm
film, 16mm film, and Super 8 film - Film Transfer
YOU ARE HERE NOW. |
If you are here for synthetic 24 fps16mm film, you are at the wrong
Film Transfer service -- unless you want a 15fps synchronizaton for FX and
If you have profound vinegar syndrome, we can refer you to the last
company left that can work with your 8mm film, 16mm film,
Super 8 film with vinegar syndrome.
NOTE: This Site Map is the same as the Navigation bar on the left
side of each page.|
Dirty Film Transfer Secrets -- of 8mm to DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for):|
Transfer Dirty-Secrets: Page 1
16mm, Super 8, 8mm Film Transfer: Overview and Summary of Dirty Film
Secrets of 8mm Film Transfer Industry
Transfer Dirty-Secrets: Page 2
16mm, Super 8, 8mm Film Transfer: In-Depth Dirty Film
Transfer Secrets of 8mm Film Transfer Industry -- will blow your
Best-Fit™ the resolution of your tiny 8mm with that of your 8mm
Film Format -- grain to pixels - for the best Film Transfer.
Hyper-Formatting film will kill true resolution.
The good bad and ugly of different media -- including 8mm film
transfer to DVD
Film Transfer to DVD is NOT enough! In the absence of your 8mm
film, you MUST have a near-equivalent Digital-Film Master Video.
DVD alone will not do!
8mm Film Transfer is only ONE STEP in a Multi-step process to
Multiple mediums -- if done right.
Our newest Solid State Archive Solutions -- Home Movies Player™
-- using State-of-the-Art DISC-Free™ DISC-Image technology.
Syndrome and Mold
Products-- made from YOUR 16mm, Super 8, 8mm Film Transfer
State-of-the-Art DISC-Free™ DISC-Image technology on Solid State
Products you will NOT see anywhere else.|
Our Service --
Private and Subcontractor Accomplishments
We have produced some of the great "National Treasures" of our
nation; we can add you name to the list.|
On 16mm film, 8mm film, Super 8 film transfers. Unsolicited
comments AFTER "Paying and Approving" our film transfer service.
After the film
transfer :Now what do I do?
and Request Your 16mm, Super 8, 8mm Film Transfer Price
Quotation DVDs PLUS
DISC-Free™ DISC-Image technology on Solid State Products -- at DVD only
I will do something for you, if you do
something for me:|
Special Promotional Offer
To Arm For Beginners
A little Primer on 16mm, Regular 8mm and Super 8mm Film
1) Identify 8mm or 16mm film you
2) Basic "Film Transfer" Speeds for your film.
Click to show or hide details:(SH05)|
tutorial on 16mm, Regular 8mm, and Super 8mm film -- which will help you
both identify and date the
16mm, Regular 8mm, and Super 8mm film movie films that you have -- for
How to Identify, Date,
and Speed-rate Your Movie Film for Film Transfer::
Picture (Above) shows examples of "small format" movie films
16mm movie film,
8mm film (also called Standard 8mm film) and
Super 8 movie film.
16mm was invented before Regular 8mm and Super 8mm films. 16mm
film was made from "hand-milled" silver halide -- the grains of which
were very large compared to later films. Although 16mm is 4 times
the size of Regular 8mm film and Super 8mm film, the resolution of the
film is comparable to that of Super 8mm and some later dating Also, 16mm
film was shot and run at 16fps in the early 1900's. Modern
versions of 16mm film are run at 24 fps -- which actually makes 16mm
film a "hybrid" format -- with one foot in the "small format film
industry" and one foot in the "large format film industry".
It is because of this dual role of 16mm film, that '8mm to DVD & Super 8
Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for) can "get away
with" talking about film and equipment in broad terms and then implying
that what is "good" for large format films -- like captures with
"irregular pull-down patterns" -- is likewise, "good" for "small format
films". In truth the converse ONLY is true, that what is "good"
for "small format films" -- like synchronizatons at "15fps" -- is also
"good" for "large format films" -- but NOT VISA VERSA.
Regular 8mm Film and 16mm Film
Rough Dating of Movie Film:
16mm film - silent -- 1923 to Early 1960's.
16mm film - sound - 1935 to present.
Regular 8mm film,
Standard 8 mm -- Late 1932 thru 1990s.
Super 8 film -- Introduced in
1965 to present.
Correct Film Transfer Speeds:
Silent 16mm film - silent -15
fps or 16 fps (with exceptions)
Regular 8mm film - silent -15 fps or 16 fps.
NOTE: 8mm to
DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for)
transfer this at 20 fps
Introducing a 20% "real-time" distortion - 12
minutes lost per hr.
Super 8mm Film
Super 8 Film was "shot"
usually 18 fps; commercially 24 fps.
Super 8 Movie cameras and
projectors had "variable speeds".
Correct Film Transfer Speeds:
Super 8 film "silent", 18 fps
Super 8 film "sound", 18 fps OR 24 fps.
NOTE: 8mm to DVD & Super
8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for) transfer
this at 20 fps
Introducing a 10% "real-time" distortion - 6 minutes lost per hour.
Super 8 Sound Film has "magnetic" sound tracks glued on
both edges of the "under-side" of the film which looks like 2 copper
(see to left).
Film: Super 8 Sound and 16mm Sound:
Usually "optical" sound tracks.
(Black squiggly tracks: right)==>
Both 16mm movie film and Super 8
movie COMMERCIAL films, were "shot and run" at 24 fps - ONLY.
Most domestic clients, with rare exceptions, do NOT have "commercial
films" with "optical sound tracks".
Holes Along the Edge of the Film
(see picture above):
The size of the holes are the
same for both 16mm film and 8mm film.
Some 16mm has only one set of holes -- like Regular 8 film.
Spacing of the holes in 16mm movie film is different than
Regular 8mm film -- also called Standard 8 film.
Super 8 movie film has smaller holes - less than half the size
of Regular 8mm movie film. Spacing is different.
Correct Film Transfer is very different for each.
Reels or Spools
(see Regular 8 mm pictures below):
Hole in Center of
Reel or Spool:
Early 16mm and Regular 8mm film: the hole in a
1) the size of a number 2 pencil -- on one side of the
spool -- and 2) square and roughly the same size -- on the other side of
Later, 16mm spools standardized with a square hole.
Later, Regular 8mm spools standardized with a round hole --
with a notch on one side of the reel or both.
Super 8 spool: The hole in the spool was the size of your "pinky
finger" and round on both sides of the spool.
Standard 8mm movie film, 95 percent of
the time, is on a grey plastic, 3 inch spool and came in a Yellow cardboard box
-- for mailing.
Double 8 movie film came in a yellow box roughly
1 inch thick.
Single 8 also called Standard 8 came in a yellow box roughly
1/2 inch thick.
Both types of films -- collectively -- are called
Regular 8mm film or 8mm film and, before 1965, usually fond on little grey
plastic reels -- with excepts around 1942 (see history below), and 1965
Super 8 movie film
(introduced in 1965) was sold and processed on 50 foot spools --
which were usually a blue cover with a white plastic spool.. Rarely
covers were also red, yellow, green, black, and white.
About that same time
(1965), Regular 8mm film began to appear spooled onto
white plastic reels with blue covers, too.. The hole in those spools
was the size of a number 2 pencil or standard pen. Most easily
confused with Super 8 film.
ATTENTION:: It is very
common for Regular 8mm film to be on a Super 8 spool and Super 8, on
a Regular 8mm spool -- by mistake of family members. When in
doubt, look at the film itself and the size of the holes in the
film -- not the spool.
HISTORICAL NOTE - TO HELP DATE AND IDENTIFY: Earliest
Regular 8mm or Standard 8 film was called Double 8, because it
was sold as 25 feet of 16mm film. It was called a "25 foot Double
The tell-tell oversized, yellow box contained a tiny back metal
canister -- sealed with black cotton tape -- to protect the brown,
unexposed 16mm film inside.
The 16mm film was "double
exposed" -- in 2 passes. Each pass -- exposing the entire length of
the 16mm wide film -- but only exposed an 8mm wide strip along the
length of the16mm film.
The cameraman would shoot one pass
and then flip the 16mm film in the camera -- to shoot the second
pass. This accounts for the "flashes of yellow light" half-way
through early Regular 8mm films.
At the time of film
processing, the 16mm film was developed and then split down the
center -- thus creating 2 strips of 8mm film.. The two ends of the
(now 8mm) film was glued together in the center and spooled onto
1) a black or aluminum metal reel (pre-WWII) (left top), or
2) a cardboard reel (WWII) (center bottom), or
3) a grey plastic
reel (post-WWII) (right top)
as a 50 foot spool of 8mm film.
This is nice to know if you need to date reels of film.
Double 8: Standard 8mm reel of film was shipped back to owner in the
same oversize yellow box -- now twice the width of the Standard 8mm
reel of film inside.
NOTE: Many times the cameraman would forget that the film
had already been exposed and flipped -- and would expose the same
edge twice. Thus "double exposures" were created on Double 8
(click here for ==>)
Dirty "Film Transfer" Secrets™
8mm to DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for) do NOT want you to know!
ON MOVIE FILM TRANSFER SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS:
Click to show or hide details:(SH10)|
"tech note" below is on film transfer semantics on 16mm, Regular 8mm, and
Super 8mm film. Most
readers have some "flavor" of Regular 8mm film or Super 8 film.
Therefore, I do not specifically state the words "16mm film"
-- every time I mention Super 8 film or Regular 8mm film -- when talking
about film transfers to DVD or Master Files. Instead, I just talk about
Regular 8, and Super 8 film to video film transfers -- with the
ASSUMPTION THAT ALL PRINCIPLES APPLY TO 16MM FILM AS WELL.
The same applies to visual
and non-visual illustrations -- using 8mm film or Super 8 film or film
Illustrations about REGULAR 8MM FILM ALSO APPLIES to SILENT 16MM FILM --
as Regular 8mm film -- (see column to the left) in may cases IS SILENT 16MM FILM
-- "SPLIT IN HALF -- DOWN THE CENTER" literally.
A 16mm film transfer can be much more complex than a 8mm or Super 8 film
transfer -- because 16mm film was used domestically, commercially -- as 16mm
silent and 16mm sound -- and shot at 1 of 3 speeds -- even early century 1900s.
Also 16mm movie film is OLDER and usually is in some stage of "vinegar
syndrome". After you get a film transfer quote, you are advised to call me about
your 16mm film for a free 16mm film transfer "evaluation and consult".
I use Regular
8mm or Super 8 terms generically -- for example:
8mm to DVD,
Super 8mm film transfer,
8mm film to H.264,
Super 8mm film transfer,
Single 8mm movie film to HDTV Blu-ray,
Standard 8mm movie film to video,
Double 8mm movie film to video,
8mm to video,
8mm movie to video,
movie 8mm film transfer,
8mm film transfer,
Ektasound 8mm to DVD,
Ektachrome 8mm to DVD,
Kotachrome 8mm to DVD.
Film to video,
Film to Flash Drive,
Film to Hard Drive,
Film to Blu-ray, etc
these film transfer phrases refer generically to some "film to video film transfer
process" of converting film to digital video unless otherwise stated
though my film transfer terminology may be specific to a stated gauge of film --
Regular 8mm film, Super 8 film, or 16mm film -- you may expand any
reference to any gauge of film into a generalized concept that can be
applied to all small film formats -- and film transfers -- UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED
(click here for ==>)
Dirty Film Transfer
8mm to DVD & Super 8 Film Transfer Mills™ (giving you just what you ask for) do NOT want you to